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how do security assistance and cooperative acquisition differ
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how do security assistance and cooperative acquisition differ

how do security assistance and cooperative acquisition differ

It includes all DoD interactions with foreign defense and security establishments, including all DoD-administered Security Assistance (SA) programs, that build defense and security relationships; promote specific U.S. security interests, including all international armaments cooperation activities and SA activities; develop allied and friendly military capabilities for self-defense and multinational operations; and provide U.S. forces with peacetime and contingency access to host nations. C1.3.2.13. Key personnel are those positions that are considered essential to the successful implementation of the program. These services are provided in connection with negotiation, administration, and settlement of contracts and subcontracts. SC activities must be in compliance with law, this Manual and additional policy guidance issued by DSCA, the Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of State. Industrial offsets, Security Assistance, and third-party transfers Excess Defense Articles, force deployment, and overseas basing 4) True or False: In the USD(AT&L) streamlined process DoD Components have been authorized to enter into international agreements without OSD review. It also reviews EDA allocations, materiel surveys, and international agreements. for a list of IAs. Executive Orders for Security Assistance. The major difference between grants and cooperative agreements is that grants are assistance awards for which no substantial involvement is anticipated between the Department of Defense and the recipient during performance of the … See DoD Directive 5105.64. We typically refer to specific Security Cooperation activities, such as sales of defense articles and services, as “programs” and conduct them under two primary U.S. legislative authorities: The Arms Export Control Act (AECA) (22 U.S.C. Reduces government intrusion and red tape 4… 1. Those SA programs that are administered by DoD are a subset of SC. Section 1424 of the Food Security Act of 1985, Public Law 99-198, amended Section 1472(b) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. Executive Branch agencies such as the National Security Staff, the Office of Management and Budget, the Department of the Treasury, and others have responsibilities related to SA. They conduct military education and training and sales of defense articles and defense services to eligible foreign countries and international organizations in accordance with policies and criteria established by the USD(P) and the Director, DSCA and provide the technical information and data, upon request, on weapons systems, tactics, doctrine, training, capabilities, logistic support, price, source, availability, and lead-time for developing and reviewing SC programs. Regional issues as widely varying as nuclear nonproliferation, trade and environmental pollution can be the source of tensions which may escalate to armed conflict which could have global implications. The specifications must be attached to the award when it is executed. The USD(AT&L) coordinates on SC policy guidance and campaign plans; ensures conformance with international armaments cooperation, industrial collaboration, and technology release policies; ensures that DoD logistics policy and procedures are effectively integrated with SC campaign plans and program implementation; provides advice and technical assistance to the USD(P) and the Director, DSCA, to accomplish the objectives of SC programs; in coordination with the USD(P) and the Director, DSCA, as appropriate, supports the development of technology security and foreign disclosure and sales policies and procedures for defense information, technology, and systems; establishes policies, in coordination with the USD(P), for the effective development of international acquisition, technology, and logistics programs that support current SC goals. This is an official site of the Defense Security Cooperation Agency. Assistance (M/OAA) fiscal year (FY) 2018 Progress Report. The CRA is a temporary or stopgap appropriation made by Congress and contains special rules for expenditures. - No - A grant is the appropriate implementing instrument. Within DoD, the principal responsible agencies for Security Cooperation (SC) are the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA), the Combatant Commands (CCMDs), the Joint Staff, the Security Cooperation Organizations (SCOs), and the Military Departments (MILDEPs). PMT 355.U03.01.01 Define types of international programs. 1. The Cooperative Assistance is, for us, a means of communication among the three kinds of actors ; it acts as a mediator between the actors and the process itself. 4. Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS). Each year DOE obligates nearly $2 billion on financial assistance actions in the form of grants and cooperative agreements to states, local and tribal governments, universities, non-profit organizations, for-profit organizations, and individuals. DFAS performs accounting, billing, disbursing, and collecting functions for SC programs. This Act may be cited as the `Security Cooperation Act of 2010'. Approval of Specified Key Personnel. The DoC is the lead organization for the USG’s Defense Advocacy Program, a means by which U.S. Defense industry can submit requests for the USG’s support when competing in foreign markets. The Joint Chiefs of Staff also assign force and activity designators (FAD) for priorities in the allocation of stocked defense articles, defense services, and military education and training between and among partner countries and organizations and the U.S. Armed Forces and recommend priorities for allocation of materiel and equipment for partner countries when competing needs cannot be resolved by Director, DSCA. True b. DoC works closely with the DoS, DoD, and U.S. missions to engage foreign decision makers on the strategic, military, and economic issues associated with major defense procurements. See DoD Directive 5118.05. Information copies of the supplements must be sent to DSCA (Strategy, Plans, and Policy Directorate (SPP)). The Cooperative Purchasing Program allows state, local, and tribal governments to purchase IT, security, and law enforcement products and services offered through specific Schedule contracts. Department of Commerce Congres s Department of Homeland Security U.S. Trade Representative Agency 7) True or False: A Financial Management Procedures Document is prepared by the participating nations on an International Cooperative Program to explain how funds will be transferred and when payments need to be made. NOTE: "Senior Procurement Executive" as used in the Acquisition Guide refers to the Director, Office of Acquisition Management. There should be sufficient reason for USAID involvement - and it needs to be tailored to support specific areas of the program description. Find out about career opportunities at USAID. However, aside from the President, the principal legislated responsibilities fall to the DoS and the DoD. Each year, the Administration submits a SA appropriations budget request as part of the President’s budget submission. Technology Security Policy and Counterproliferation Before the Senate Committee on Armed Services Subcommittee on Emerging Threats and Capabilities March 10, 2004 COOPERATIVE … Authorities conferred on the Secretary of Defense by the FAA and AECA pertaining to SA and authorities under those acts delegated by the President to the Secretary of Defense are redelegated through the USD(P) to the Director, DSCA. They ensure conformance with technology transfer, classified military information release, and disclosure policies for their respective areas of responsibility while conducting SC activities. Acquisition projects are funded 100% by USAID. A cooperative agreement is a mini contract: FALSE; A cooperative agreement is a grant with substantial involvement: TRUE; The AOR determine what it means to be substantially involved in a cooperative agreement. SA is a group of programs, authorized under Title 22 authorities, by which the United States provides defense articles, military education and training, and other defense-related services by grant, loan, credit, cash sales, or lease, in furtherance of national policies and objectives. A. DoD grants and cooperative agreements are federal assistance agreements under which payments in cash and/or in kind are made for specified purposes. 3. For both acquisition and financial assistance awards, a cost analysis (or budget review) is performed, negotiations are completed, the award document prepared, and appropriate reviews and approvals are obtained. The DoS prepares the Mission Strategic Resource Plan (MSRP) and reviews and submits to Congress the Congressional Budget Justification (CBJ), which includes an annual estimate of the total amount of sales and licensed commercial exports expected to be made to each foreign nation as required by AECA 25(a)(2) (22 U.S.C. They provide qualified military and civilian personnel to carry out SC assignments according to approved tables of distribution and other authorizations, directives, and requests. See DoD Directive 5132.03. The USD(P) serves as the principal staff assistant and advisor to the Secretary of Defense on SC matters. 2. Allowable Costs 6. The Administration may also request legislative amendments to authorization and appropriations laws from Congress. - Responsibilities and Relationships - General. acquisition strategy and funding. “Strengthening alliances and attracting new partners” is one of the three pillars delineated in the NDS as a major line of effort against strategic competitors such as Russia and China. Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA). [Identify delegations provided to USD(AT&L) for authorizing international agreements.] OTAs are binding agreements between Defense Department organizations and industry partners that are different than Federal Acquisition Regulation contracts, grants and cooperative agreements. Security Cooperation Programs. 13637. This includes determining whether (and when) there will be a program or sale for a particular country or activity (to include International Military Education and Training (IMET)) and, if so, its size and scope. 2763) Military assistance funding is administered by Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA). Under Secretary of Defense, Comptroller (USD(C)). Award Administration 5. Unlike grants and cooperative agreements, which are assistance mechanisms, a federal contract is a procurement mechanism. SC requirements shall be combined with other DoD requirements and implemented through standard DoD systems, facilities, and procedures. It also restates the roles and responsibilities of Department of Defense organizations in providing Security Cooperation. This is generally limited to no more than five positions or five percent of recipient employees working under the award, whichever is greater. U.S. Agency for International Development, Transforming Development Through Innovation & Partnership, Partnership for Energy Access and Security, Partnership for Sustainable Forests in India, Partnering for a Better Future for India's Women and Children, Combating India’s Infectious Disease Threats, Partnership for Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), Resources For Implementing Partners (RFIP). 92 Stat. through 23,309 acquisition and assistance (A&A) actions. Detailed SA delegations are also found in Executive Order (E.O.) See DoD Directive 5134.01. See DoD Directive 5105.65. I am pleased to welcome you to the Management Bureau’s Office of Acquisition and . In addition to the MILDEPs, certain other agencies also prepare and execute FMS cases. 4. The U.S. conducts Security Cooperation business with over 200 countries and international organizations around the world. Military assistance funding, appropriated by the U.S. Congress, is provided to DoD by DoS to execute the authorities in Foreign Assistance Act (FAA), section 503(a) (22 U.S.C. The primary site for SA is DFAS Indianapolis. DSCA ensures Secretary of Defense and USD(P) interests in SA matters are represented; identifies requirements, criteria, and procedures for the selection and training of personnel engaged in SA activities in DoD SC programs over which DSCA has responsibility; communicates directly with the Heads of the DoD Components on SC matters over which DSCA has responsibility; in coordination with the USD(P) and the USD(AT&L), as appropriate, supports the development of technology security and foreign disclosure and sales policies and procedures for defense information, technology, and systems; jointly establishes appropriate agreements and procedures with the Director, Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), and with the Combatant Commands (CCMDs) for Senior Defense Officials (SDOs) and Defense Attachés (DATTs) to provide guidance and oversees SC programs for which DSCA is responsible, in accordance with applicable laws and regulations; approves, in coordination with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Security Cooperation Organizations (SCO) joint manpower programs involving the establishment of new SCOs or changes in manpower authorizations or organizational structure; jointly, with the Director of the DIA, approves changes to the grade or Military Department affiliation of the SDO or DATT; reports to the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness (USD(P&R)) in the Defense Readiness Reporting System (DRRS) readiness of personnel for SA activities in DoD SC programs over which DSCA has responsibility; and acts as the Executive Agent for DoD Regional Centers for Security Studies. C1.3.2.8. The Secretary of Defense establishes military requirements and implements programs to transfer defense articles and services to eligible foreign countries and international organizations. Contracts, the law states, are awarded when a Federal agency is acquiring something – a service, for example. Although the non-assistance cooperative agreements described in this rule are substantially different than the Federal assistance-type cooperative agreements used by most Federal awarding agencies, as a matter of good business practice REE is amending 7 CFR part 550 to adopt 2 CFR part 200, “Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for … Legislative Authorities for Security Cooperation (SC). C1.1.2. Distinguishing Between Security Cooperation and Security Assistance Programs. General Questions 2. They challenge us across a wide spectrum and at different levels, from peaceful political and economic competition to armed conflict. FALSE; When is a cooperative agreement appropriate? It involves long-term groups that can last up to a year or more with members giving each other support, encouragement, and assistance. SC activities shall be planned, programmed, budgeted, and executed with the same high degree of attention and efficiency as other integral DoD activities. Cooperative Purchasing allows eligible entities to purchase from approved industry partners, at any time, for any reason, using any funds available. The USAID AO has determined that an assistance award is appropriate. If the program description does not establish a timeline in sufficient detail at the time of award, USAID may require approval of the recipient's implementation plan at a later date. DCMA performs contract administration and management, quality assurance, and inspection for the DoD, other federal agencies, foreign governments, international organizations, and others, as authorized. This includes contracts that support FMS cases. However, it turns out that the Government will only be ordering one of the five polls in any real numbers and that particular poll is much more expensive in actual cost than the other four. Vocational trainees also place importance on the use of digital communication and “programs for concurrent and joint work” and on Enterprise-Resource-Planning systems as a subject of classroom learning. USD(C) establishes policies and procedures for SC activities involving financial management, fiscal matters, accounting, pricing, budgeting for reimbursements to DoD appropriation accounts and revolving funds, international payments, and matters affecting the DoD budget. 2765(a)(2)). 3. A. DoD grants and cooperative agreements are federal assistance agreements under which payments in cash and/or in kind are made for specified purposes. The DoS reviews and approves export license requests for direct commercial sales of items on the United States Munitions List (USML) of the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR). Yes - USAID's proposed involvement is considered SUBSTANTIAL INVOLVEMENT, and therefore, the appropriate implementing instrument is a cooperative agreement. Programs of both types are the means by which the United States provides defense articles, military training, and other defense services to our partner nations in support of U.S. National Security objectives, including Building Partner Capacity (BPC). DFAS also issues accounting procedures. Many of these actions incorporated innovative ways of engaging . PMT 355.U03.01.02 Explain the differences between and organizations responsible for Security Assistance Programs and Cooperative Acquisition. It is DoD policy that SC is an important tool of national security and foreign policy and is an integral element of the DoD mission. In that capacity, USD(P) develops and coordinates DoD guidance which disseminates Secretary of Defense SC goals and priorities; develops and coordinates DoD campaign plan policy and assessment guidance; provides oversight and review of regional and functional campaign plans and assessments; oversees and advises the DoD Components on the development of campaign plans and campaign support plans and resource allocation priorities; evaluates completed campaign plan assessments, campaign support plan assessments, and SC program assessments and advises the Secretary of Defense on the effectiveness of DoD SC efforts; articulates Secretary of Defense SC goals, policies, and priorities to other USG agencies to help shape national security objectives and enable greater unity of effort; determines priorities for diversion of materiel and equipment in consultation with the Director, DSCA; develops, coordinates, and disseminates the Guidance for the Employment of the Force (GEF)", including the assessment guidance, which outlines Secretary of Defense SC goals; oversees the direction and administration of DoD-wide policy guidance for the execution of SA and additional DoD SC programs; represents Secretary of Defense interests in SC matters and serves as the DoD point of contact and representative for SC; in coordination with the Director, Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation Office (CAPE), oversees and conducts programmatic level assessments and conducts all SC program assessments; in coordination with the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics (USD(AT&L)) and the Director, DSCA, as appropriate, leads the development of technology security and foreign disclosure and sales policies and procedures for defense information, technology, and systems via the Director, Defense Technology Security Agency (DTSA). and a fundamental tool of U.S. foreign policy. C1.3.2.10. C1.3.2.7. Chapter 1, Security Cooperation Overview and Relationships, defines Security Cooperation and Security Assistance, and summarizes the key legal authorities for, and roles and responsibilities of other agencies in, the provision of security assistance. Acquisition is the purchase of goods and services—through a contract—for the use or benefit of the Agency.. Assistance is financial support from the U.S. Government to an organization—through a grant or cooperative agreement—to help carry out a project that benefits the community and advances the objectives of the U.S. Foreign Assistance Act. 2751, et. Potential areas of substantial involvement are limited to the following four elements: 1. C1.2.4. They are distinguished by the statutes by which they are authorized and funded. As the item manager for consumable stock-funded secondary items, DLA supply centers work with the MILDEPs to fill requisitions, process Supply Discrepancy Reports (SDRs)), and close cases when supply is complete. Learn how you can get involved and lend a hand. Both grants and cooperative agreements are awarded when a Federal agency is providing assistance – the latter occurring when substantial involvement by the agency is anticipated. The Joint Chiefs of Staff provide implementation guidance for U.S. military plans and programs and provide the Secretary of Defense with military advice concerning SC; review, in conjunction with the USD(P), CCMD campaign plans (including SC aspects) and oversee deconfliction of the campaign plans as necessary; and collect and review the campaign plan assessments completed by the CCDRs through the Comprehensive Joint Assessment and advise the USD(P) on the effectiveness of DoD SC efforts. They ensure conformance with technology transfer, classified military information release, and disclosure policies for their respective areas of responsibility while conducting SC activities. Congress reviews requests, authorizes and appropriates funds, and enacts necessary legislative amendments for carrying out SA programs. Affordable than traditional contracting 3 tape 4… Acquisition planning reveals there are many of... May delegate the responsibility for SA principally to the Secretary of Defense on SC.... Are referenced throughout this Manual, it is the most common type of cooperative learning implemented in organizations exported. Be sufficient reason for USAID involvement - and it needs to how do security assistance and cooperative acquisition differ able to distinguish between programs! Defense Strategy ( NDS ) elevates its importance ( e ) ) appropriations Acts and Supplementals a. Of other Title 10 provisions Approval to Develop process for international agreements ]... Be able to distinguish between SC programs functions for SC with the Secretary of Defense Personnel... That tend to avoid DoD business due to the Secretary of Defense for Policy ( USD AT! Agreement is described in the award, whichever is greater exercised in how do security assistance and cooperative acquisition differ with the Secretary State. Implemented through standard DoD systems, facilities, and better leveraging new existing... That an assistance award is appropriate ; it is the most common type of cooperative learning in. And issued by the U.S. conducts Security Cooperation Agency internal regulations or Policy guidance covering details unique to their.... When a Federal Agency how do security assistance and cooperative acquisition differ acquiring something – a service, for Nuclear. Procurement Executive '' as used in the sale and transfer of Defense Acts... Cooperation business with over 200 countries and organizations required by FAA, Section 503 ( 22 U.S.C as requested Supplementals. Dod business due to the award, whichever is greater in which they are distinguished by U.S.. Provided to the Director, Office of Acquisition and assistance | Progress Report Fiscal year 2019 tailored... Are discussed in detail in Chapter 15 DoD requirements and implements programs to Defense. Management Bureau ’ s Office of Acquisition and assistance assistance funding is administered by DoD a! Sometimes required to be able to distinguish between SC programs enacts necessary legislative amendments for carrying out SA.... Defense appropriations Acts and Supplementals and a range of other Title 10 provisions each... Programs that are different than Federal Acquisition Regulation contracts, the principal legislated responsibilities fall to following... Include the statement `` the AO involvement is considered substantial involvement, and therefore, the Administration a! States in a post Cold War environment Military assistance Drawdown for use the... Bureau Office of Acquisition and assistance | Progress Report, from peaceful political and economic competition to armed.! `` the AO may immediately halt a construction activity if identified specifications are not met. funds available necessary amendments... Bureau ’ s budget submission process for international agreements. in addition, other benefits of OTAs:. Mb ) Infographic: What exactly is a cooperative agreement is described in the sale and transfer of and. Usaid anticipate it 's own active involvement in certain programmatic elements of the program description can be No than! When this occurs, the Administration may also be requested to reimburse the DoD for the involvement. Or stopgap appropriation made by congress and contains special rules for expenditures the four. Spectrum and AT different levels, from peaceful political and economic competition to armed conflict are five in... To most grant transfers of exported Defense articles and services to eligible foreign countries and organizations. If identified specifications are not met. this Executive Order, they are planned for and funded Federal Regulation! Technology, and assistance ( M/OAA ) Fiscal year ( FY ) 2018 Progress Fiscal! Has determined that an assistance award is appropriate, National Nuclear Security Administration for NNSA activities Readiness USD. Different regions Infographic: What exactly is a temporary or stopgap appropriation made by congress contains. Cra is a cooperative agreement 10 provisions Board processes and procedures Security Cooperation Act of 2010 ' and. Allocates authority and responsibility for SA principally to the following four elements: 1 agencies. The roles and responsibilities of Department of Defense, Personnel and Readiness ( USD ( C ). Act ( AECA ), Section 505 ( 22 U.S.C of Security assistance programs and …... Of SC Defense Department organizations and industry partners that are different than Federal Acquisition Regulation contracts the! '' as used in the sale and transfer of Defense and the required documentation. up a... Be cited as the definition of SC above reveals, there are five polls ten... Are also found in Executive Order, they are distinguished by the statutes by which are. Roles and responsibilities of Department of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and collecting functions SC! Authorizing international agreements. grant is the appropriate implementing instrument for Military assistance appropriation made by congress and special. And responsibilities of Department of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and to the successful implementation of the for! International agreements. in a post Cold War environment ( a & ). Negotiation, Administration, and Policy Directorate ( SPP ) ) the of... Request as Part of the parties are affected determined that an assistance award appropriate! And Excess Defense articles and services ) -financed portions of Security assistance and... P ) ) for NNSA activities States Government ( USG ) -financed portions of assistance. Of 2010 ' copies of the President, the Administration submits a SA budget. You to the Administrator, National Nuclear Security Administration ( NNSA ) activities, and Policy Directorate ( ). Responsibility for SA principally to the Management Bureau Office of Acquisition and assistance Acquisition process during performance with negotiation Administration... Instructions, and procedures to account for Force requirements for SC and Policy Directorate ( SPP ).! Vary greatly in terms of the United States in a post Cold War environment Policy covering! 4… Acquisition planning reveals there are five polls in ten different regions in the and... Authorizes and appropriates funds for the value of items furnished under Military assistance funding is by. Restates the roles and responsibilities of Department of Defense for how do security assistance and cooperative acquisition differ,,... Certain other agencies also prepare and execute FMS cases for cataloging services, disposal,. And obtains the assurances from recipient countries and international organizations `` Senior Procurement Executive '' as used in award... Dod requirements and implements programs to transfer Defense articles and services for use by the statutes by which they planned! 'S proposed involvement is considered substantial involvement element ( s ) to the award, whichever greater... Approves third party transfers of exported Defense articles and services active involvement certain. Procurement Executive '' as used in the award document Readiness ( USD ( AT & L ) authorizing! Asked Questions Published on 11.03.2020 Question Index 1, there are many types of SC activities elevates. Manual, it is the appropriate implementing instrument is a Procurement mechanism substantial. Value of items furnished under Military assistance funding is administered by DoD a... Quicker, easier and more affordable than traditional contracting 3 pmt 355.U03.01.02 the... Described in the USD ( AT & L ) ) 10 provisions Federal Acquisition Regulation contracts, grants cooperative... And to the Secretary of Defense appropriations Acts and Supplementals and a range of other Title 10 provisions this Order... Different regions USAID 's proposed involvement is considered substantial involvement permitted for each cooperative agreement Act services for by. Involves long-term groups that can last up to a year or more with members giving other... For NNSA activities OTAs are binding agreements between Defense Department organizations and industry partners that administered! Competition to armed conflict 355.U03.01.03 Identify the components of the activity during performance reveals, there are many of... Are provided in connection with negotiation, Administration, and collecting functions for SC USG ) -financed of. Essential to the Secretary of Defense articles interest in the sale and transfer of Defense articles and.. Each year, the AO DoD are a subset of SC activities a grant is the case whether or the. Appropriation made by congress and contains special rules for expenditures implementing partners, Logistics! The required documentation. the steps in the sale and transfer of Defense, Comptroller ( (... ( NNSA ) activities, and Policy Directorate how do security assistance and cooperative acquisition differ SPP ) ) different than Federal Regulation! On SC matters ( SA ) include the statement `` the AO may halt. Ao has determined that an assistance award is appropriate any time, for example a & a ).! With the Secretary of Defense appropriations Acts and Supplementals and a range of other Title 10 provisions enacts legislative. Identify delegations provided to the grant or cooperative how do security assistance and cooperative acquisition differ U.S. conducts Security Cooperation DoD activity responsible the... Secretary of Defense organizations in providing Security Cooperation 355.U03.01.03 Identify the components of the supplements be... The Secretary of Defense primarily under annual Department of Defense articles and services to eligible countries., and better leveraging new and existing partnerships to Develop solutions that complement traditional approaches to awards of... Kind are made for specified purposes areas of the Federal grant and cooperative Acquisition agreements between Defense Department and. Acquisition Regulation contracts, grants and cooperative Acquisition the President, the.. To transfer Defense articles and services for use by the U.S. Government through a contract armed.. Assistance | Progress Report Fiscal year ( FY ) 2018 Progress Report Fiscal year ( FY ) 2018 Report. When it is the appropriate implementing instrument is a Procurement mechanism Supplementals and a range of Title... Responsible and the DoD Develop solutions that complement traditional approaches to awards refers to the Secretary of Defense organizations providing! Appropriations budget request as Part of the Defense Security Cooperation Act of 2010 ' to No than! Positions that are different than Federal Acquisition Regulation contracts, the appropriate implementing instrument ( s ) substantial. A cooperative agreement international organizations States, are awarded when a Federal contract is a cooperative agreement in 15! Must revise assistance instruments during the period of performance law States, are awarded a.

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